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- COVER STORY: CENTER FOR UNANI ILAJ BIT TADBEER - REGIMENTAL THERAPY
- PREVENTIVE AND PROMOTIVE UNANI HEALTHCARE
- LIFESTYLE UNANI MANAGEMENT
- UNANI THERAPEUTIC APPROACHES
- UNANI RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
- CENTRAL COUNCIL FOR RESEARCH IN UNANI MEDICINE (CCRUM)
- VENESECTION - FASD
- CONTRA- INDICATIONS OF VENESECTION
- COUNTER IRRITATION
Hijamat is literally derived from an Arabic
word ‘hajm’ which stands for volume, but
technically used for “to suck”. It is a technique
in which a cup is applied over the surface of
skin by creating vacuum, and it is known as
dry cupping (Hijamat bila Shart). Sometimes,
scarification is done at the location of
cupping draw blood from the body part to
relieve internal congestion, and this process
is known as wet cupping (Hijamat bila Shart)
The objectives of Cupping are as follows:
Leeching (ta’liq’ ) is a method of elimination of morbid matter (Mawad Fasida) from the body. In this procedure, Leeches are applied on the affected part to suck the blood from deeper tissues. During this process, the leeches also infuse their saliva into the blood, which is a complex mixture of different biologically and pharmacologically active substance. Recently, various studies have been conducted to validate these methods in various disease, e.g. Arthritis, Hypertension, Skin disorder etc.
Venesection (Fasd) is a method of absolute elimination (Istifragh Kulli), used to remove the excess of humours or to get rid of morbid matter (Mawad Fasida) from the body. In this procedure, an incision is given to the superficial veins and blood is allowed to flow. The objectives of the procedure are as follows:
TURKISH BATH (Hammam)
Hammam is derived from the word “Hamm”, which means “to bathe”. In fact, Hammam is a place used for bathing, consisting of several rooms with one room leading to the other with specific provisions and conditions customized according to the disease to be treated.
The objectives of Turkish Bath are as follows:
Massage (Dalk) is a manipulation of superficial and deeper layers of muscle and connective tissues using various techniques, to enhance body function, healing process, and promote relaxation and well-being. Various types of Dalk have been recommended in Unani System of Medicine for the management of various disorder e.g. Dalk Suld, Dalk Layyin, Dalk Kathir, Dalk Qalil, Dalk Mu’tadil, Dalk khashin, Dalk Amlas etc. The objectives of Dalk are as follows:
PHYSICAL EXERCISE (Riyadat)
Physical exercise (Riyadat) is any voluntary movement of body or its part that enhances or maintains physical fitness and over all health. It plays an important role not only in maintaining good health and prevention of disease but also in curing certain ailments. The objectives of physical exercise are as follows:
DIURESIS (Idrar-I Bawl)
DIURESIS (Idrar-I Bawl) is a process in which formation and excretion of urine is increased for the management of bodily ailments. It is one of the important processes adopted for evacuation of morbid matter from the body through urine. Diuresis can be induced by adopting specific methods like exposure to cold, drinking of cold water and intake of plenty of fluids. It can also be induced with the help of certain drugs that have been mentioned in classical Unani literature under the heading of Diuretics (Mudirr-I Bawl). The objectives of Diuresis are as follows:
PURGATION (Ishal) is a method of elimination of waste and morbid matter from the body through rectum. During this process, the frequency of stool is increased by decreasing the absorption of water in the intestines, by increasing the peristaltic movement or both.
EMESIS (Qay) is the evacuation of gastric contents through mouth. The main purpose of emesis is to eliminate toxic/morbid material from the upper gastrointestinal tract. The objectives of emesis are as follows:
Diaphoresis (Ta’riq) is a process of induced sweating. It is instrumental in liquefying the sticky and adherent humours lodged in the peripheral tissues. The objectives of diaphoresis are as follows:
CAUTERIZATIION (Kayy) is an effective method of treating several conditions e.g. destructive lesions, removal of putrefactive matter, stoppage of bleeding etc. Unani physicians have been using this method over the centuries . The instrument used for cauterization is called as cautery (Mikwa), preferably made up of gold.
CONCOCTIVE AND PURGATIVE (MUNDIJ O MUSHIL) THERAPY
It is the main method of treatment for the chronic diseases in Unani System of Medicine. It is actually meant for evacuation or elimination (Istifragh) of morbid humours from the body. Morbid humours are mainly responsible for aggravating the disease process if they remain stagnant in the body. Abnormal humours are evacuated from the body by a method known as Istifragh. Sometimes the matter is too thick or too thin to be eliminated properly. Therefore, some drugs are used that change the consistency of the morbid humour and make it suitable for elimination. Such drugs are known as concoctives (Mundijat). For each humour, specific concoctive drugs are used to make the morbid humour able to be evacuated. For example, in phlegmatic diseases Lavandula stoechas (Ustukhudus) is used as a concoctive. Once the features of ‘Nudj’ are established in the respective humour, it is followed by purgation (Ishal).
Psychiatric Unani Treatment (‘IIaj Nafsani):
Unani System of Medicine has emphasized the importance of psychiatric and psychological factors including spiritual values in the management of various diseases. The therapy compliments conventional medicine by treating the whole person – mind, body and spirit. This therapy has been described under the heading of Psychiatric Treatment (‘IIaj Nafsani). The benefis of the therapy may be felt on physical and emotional level. Unani physicians have described the psychiatric treatment for various psychotic and psychosomatic disorders such as Anxiety neurosis. However, Unani System of Medicine uses drugs very effectively in Psychiatric Diseases. This is so because the Unani counterpart of Mind is Psychic Pneuma (Ruh Nafsam) which is made up of subtle matter and possesses Temperament. Therefore, the psychiatric diseases are characterized by various pathological Temperaments and can be easily treated by drugs of opposite temperament.